Position your seat
Adjusting properly your seat position can help you get in the correct position of your body for descending and climbing.
For descending: When it comes to descend, drop your seat from the height you set it at about 2 or 3 inches for climbing hills. Lowering your seat helps lower your center of gravity, which gives you more confidence and better control through steep descents. You may need to find what feels best through experimenting with different seat heights.
For climbing: When it’s time to climbing, while pedaling adjust your seat position for maximum efficiency. You should see a slight bend in your leg with the foot at the bottom of the pedal stroke, , reaching of full leg extension about 80-90 percent. This helps you powerfully use your major leg muscles and pedal efficiently.
Choose a path
Looking at spots you want to avoid in stead of focusing on where you want to go is a beginner’s mistake. Pick a line and stick to it around tricky sections of trail to get over.
You should you look for what hazards? It depends on your skill level. Generally, look for deep sand, loose rocks, water, logs, wet roots, other cyclists, animals and hikers. A log which will stop one cyclist might be a fun bunnyhop for another.
Scan ahead for hazards to find your line by looking down the trail about 15 – 20 ft. Then, toward your tire move your eyes back. You can adjust your balance and choose a line around them by knowing hazards ahead of time. Doing this up-and-back action allows you to take in lots of information by your eyes.
Hike the Bike
You’re bound to eventually get into a tight spot as you ride the trails. Don’t fight the bike if you get in a rut on the cycling trail. You should try your best to ride it out. Walking is just an accepted part of mountain biking. Many trails feature mandatory hike-a-bike sections which are too difficult to ride up, down, or through.There’s no shame if you stop and walk it out.